In our last blog post, we discussed briefly how Colombia’s topographical and climatic diversity leads to a wide array of settings for adventure tourism. What we didn’t mention, however, was how the same factors conspire to make Colombia one of the most biodiverse countries found anywhere on this planet!
Colombia is the nature-lover’s dream. According to The Convention on Biological Diversity, Colombia is one of the world’s very few “megadiverse” countries—despite making up less than 1% of the world’s total land area, within Colombia’s borders one can find more than 10% of the world’s biodiversity. When you take a moment to let that sink in you realize how truly impressive it is. There are 314 unique ecosystem types within Colombian territory, each of which is inhabited with its own endemic flora and fauna. Let’s take a look at just a few of the different species that this country has to offer:
The Andean Condor
Colombia is home to nearly 2,000 different species of birds—more than Europe and North America combined. Among these, perhaps the most impressive is the massive Andean condor. A mature adult Andean condor can have a wingspan of up to 10 ½ feet, making it one of the world’s largest birds. It’s also a very long-lived creature—individuals have been known to live longer than 70 years! Though rare, the Andean Condor can be sighted in southwestern Colombia.
The Golden Poison Frog
The Flor de Mayo
Unlike the previous selections, this species is not exceedingly rare—but it is Colombia’s national
flower. It was chosen in 1936 to represent Colombia because it is endemic to the country and its lips grow to be yellow, blue, and/or red, the colors of the Colombian flag. It is an orchid—yet another family of life in which Colombia can claim to possess the world’s greatest biodiversity.
Before You Go…
It’s like having your own personal travel guide with you on your trip!